Please answer the following questions/concerns.
1- In our community there is a Masjid that decides beforehand about the starting dates of Ramadhan/Eid by following calculations of the birth of the moon and they have Taraweeh the night before their first fast. Since I won't find out until later that night if the moon has been sighted or not, is it permissible for me to read Taraweeh that night in the masjd? Will it be wrong to read Taraweeh then and not fast the following the day if the moon has not been sighted?
2- I had planned on going for Hajj soon but was not sure for this year. Now my daughter is also urging me for going this year and to take her as well. If I go this year, will it be that I did Hajj because of my daughter and not solely for the sake of Allah Ta'ala? Note: I have completed my fardh Hajj previously Alhumdullilah.
JazakAllah Khairan, Wasalaam.
The issue of moonsighting and calculations affects the lives and worship of ordinary Muslims greatly who are left confused and often with no choice.
Although, I believe that starting Islamic months by calculations is wrong and not in accordance with the prophetic teachings but it is still Mujtahad-feeh (recptible of opinion) and therefore the opinion of calucaltions can not be called Batil (baseless). Therefore, considering your situation, if there is no other Masjid in your area that is following either global or local moonsighting then you should pray Taraweeh with the people of your Masjid and also Fast with them and you should not alienate yourself from the rest of the community. Your Fasting and Prayes will be valid and accepted Insha'allah.
2- If you decide to go for Hajj and take your daughter with you as well, it is completely permissible and you will be rewarded for your Hajj and also for the Hajj of your daughter unless your intention by performing Hajj is anything other than the pleasure of Allah. You should not be concerned with the notion that you might be doing the Hajj only for your daughter.
And Allah knows best.
Mufti Ikram ul Haq
Fatwa Center of America
27 Sha'ban 1432/ July 29 2011